Adirondack Rock

The following bibliography lists resources for rock climbing in the Adirondacks. The original bibliography was prepared by Dick Tucker, then updated by Jim Lawyer while researching Adirondack Rock. These sources were consulted and, in many cases, footnoted in the book. Other sources include the "blue bin", the loose collection of papers, journals, new route notebooks, letters, and photos, that have been collected by various parties over the years. Please email me if you discover other written accounts of climbing in the Adirondacks.


"CAIRN." Climbing, no. 11 (Jan–Feb 1972), 24.

"Climbing in the Adirondacks: More Rock Routes." Adirondack Alpine Journal 4 (Sep 1984), 13–18.

"Keene Valley" column. Au Sable Forks (N.Y.) Record-Post, (7 Sep 1933), 3.

"Pete Kamitses: First ascent of traditional 5.14a in Adirondacks." DPM Magazine (22 Sep 2011). 1 Oct 2011 <http://www.dpmclimbing.com/articles/view/pete-kamitses-first-ascent-traditional-514a-adirondacks>.

"Pok-O-Moonshine Rockfall." Climbing 183 (Mar 1999), 33.

"Rescue 3 Youths From ADK Ledge." Ticonderoga Sentinel, (31 Aug 1933), 1.

"Rescue Boys Trapped on Wallface Ledge." Lake Placid News, (1 Sep 1933), 1, 41.

"Rock Climbers Route, New Way up Wallface." Bulletin of the Adirondack Mountain Club 2, no. 4 (Jun–Jul 1938), 8, 14.

"Storm Damage in the Avalanche Lake and Flowed Lands Region." Adirondac 6, no. 3 (Jan 1943), 1–2.

"Three Rescued From Mountainside Ledge." The Post Standard. (31 Aug 1933), 1, 3.

"Three Youths Trapped 400 Feet Up Side of Adirondack Mountain." The Post Standard. (30 Aug 1933), 1, 3.

"Wilderness Rock Climbing in the Adirondacks, A Selected Guide." Adirondack Alpine Journal, no. 3 (Jun 1984), 11–14.

Adirondac 11, no. 2 (Mar–Apr 1947) 5.

Uncommon Ground. Rob Frost. Second Chance Films, 2002.

Achey, Jeff. "Lakefront Property, Roger's Slide, New York." Climbing 143 (Mar–May 1994), 34, 36, 38.

Achey, Jeff. "The Rainy Season." Climbing, no. 150 (Feb–Mar 1995), 102–111, 196–199.

Alguard, Dawn, and Hensley Evans, Mike Rawdon. "The Big Slide." Oct 2001. TradGirl, .

Alguard, Dawn. "More Clutch Than Cruise." Aug 2000. TradGirl, .

Arietta Climbing. "Climbing Guide to Lost T Cliff." Singletrack Publishing (Mar 2012). 30 May 2012 <http://thomannengineering.com/software/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Lost_T_Guide.pdf>.

Arietta Climbing. "Climbing Guide to The Annex." Singletrack Publishing (Mar 2012). 30 May 2012 <http://thomannengineering.com/software/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/The_Annex_Climbing_Guide.pdf>.

Arietta Climbing. "Climbing Guide to Lost T2 Cliff." Singletrack Publishing (Apr 2012). 30 May 2012 <http://thomannengineering.com/software/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/LostT2-guide.pdf>.

Bailey, Richard. "With Rock Climbers—New Rock Climb in Chapel Pond Pass." Adirondac 14 (Sep–Oct 1950), 109, 111.

Bailey, Steven. "Adirondack Classic: Climbing Wilmington Notch." Adirondac (Jul–Aug 1999), 20–21.

Baldwin, Henry Ives, "Climbing Wallface," Manuscript. n.d., In possession of Harriet Baldwin Bryan.

Bandorick, Bruce. "Bald Mountain Rock Climbs." Privately Published Guide, Aug 1976.

Bernays, David, "Inside Pitchoff." Adirondac 15, no. 3 (May–Jun 1951), 50–51, 56.

Bernays, David. "The Pinnacles of Chapel Pond Notch." Adirondac 9, no. 4 (Jul–Aug 1950), 76–77.

Bishart, Andrew. "Fire in the Sky." Rock and Ice 156 (Jan 2007).

Bronski, Peter. At the Mercy of the Mountain. Guilford, Connecticut: The Globe Pequot Press, 2008.

Brown, Phil. "A Fatal Fall on Beloved Mountain." Adirondack Explorer (Nov–Dec 2007), 5, 19.

Brown, Phil. "A Foothold in the Past." Adirondack Explorer (Sep–Oct 2011), 36–37, 56–57.

Brown, Phil. "Climbing the Trap Dike." Adirondack Explorer (Nov–Dec 2009), 16–17, 19.

Brown, Phil. "Climbing the Wall: How two novices scaled the Park's biggest cliff." Adirondack Explorer (May–Jun 2009), 8–9, 49.

Brown, Phil. "Grand-scale adventure." Adirondack Explorer (Jul–Aug 2009), 24–25, 61.

Brown, Phil. "One For the History Books." Adirondack Explorer 8, no. 6 (Nov–Dec 2006), 16–17, 63.

Brown, Phil. "Pioneers of Rock." Adirondack Explorer (May–Jun 2013), 22–23, 47.

Brown, Phil. "To Bolt Or Not To Bolt." Adirondack Almanack (4 May 2010). 30 May 2012 <http://www.adirondackalmanack.com/2010/05/phil-brown-on-climbing-to-bolt-or-not-to-bolt.html>.

Burton, Hal. "Adirondac Loj." Adirondac 12, no. 4 (Jul–Aug 1948), 18.

Burton, Hal. "Rock Climbing is Fun!" Adirondac 11, no. 2 (Mar–Apr 1947), 5, 7.

Cadbury, Warder H. "The First Ascent of Mt. Colden." Adirondac (Jan–Feb 1957), 4–7, 20–21.

Callahan, Ted. "Players: Don Mellor, The Dean of the 'Dacks." Climbing 204 (Jun 2001), 138–39.

Carpenter, Scot, and Arien Cartrette. "McKenzie Pond Bouldering Guide." 2002. New England Bouldering, .

Cartrette, Arien. "Nine Corners Bouldering Guide." Typescript. Schuylerville, NY, 2004.

Cherry, Steve. "No Man Is A Pilot (Wallface)." 21 Aug 2000. rec.climbing.

Conroy, Thomas. "Dancing on the Vertical Wall." Adirondack Alpine Journal 1 (Dec 1983–Jan 1984), 1–5.

Crane, Galen. "Slide Show." Adirondack Life, Annual Guide to the Adirondacks 30, no. 4 (1999), 32–34, 36–37, 39.

Crothers, David. "Interview with Adirondack Boulderer Justin Sanford." Climberism Magazine (7 Dec 2010). 3 Mar 2011 <http://www.climberism.com/interview-with-adirondack-boulderer-justin-sanford/>.

Crothers, David. "Peter Kamitses Sends Adirondack Project (5.14) at Silver Lake." Climberism Magazine (20 Sep 2011). 1 Oct 2011 <http://www.climberism.com/peter-kamitses-sends-5-14-at-silver-lake/>.

Crothers, David. "Silver Lake and Potter Mountain Climbing Rebels Interview." Climberism Magazine (8 Jun 2010). 3 Mar 2011 <http://www.climberism.com/silver-lake-and-potter-mountain-climbing-rebels-interview/>.

Cunningham, Jim. "On Belay." Adirondack Life 16, no. 3 (May–Jun 1985), 36–43.

Davis, Rich. "Adirondack Search and Rescue: The Summer of 1977." Adirondac (Jun 1978).

Donoso, Tomás. "Big Daks." Rock and Ice, no 204 (Sep 2012), 36–44.

Edwards, Jeff. "Athlete Profile: Don Mellor, Lifelong Connections Between People and the Environment" Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Aug 2004).

Edwards, Jeff. "Early Season Top-Roping in the Adirondacks." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Jul 2002).

Edwards, Jeff. "Gothics Mountain Adventure Climbing." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Aug 2002).

Edwards, Jeff. "Poke-O Moonshine, The Premier Rock Climbing Destination." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Oct 2001).

Edwards, Jeff. "Rogers Rock: A Lake George Paddling and Rock Climbing Adventure." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Jul 2001).

Edwards, Jeff. "The Unique Allure of Adirondack Rock Climbing." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Jul 2003).

Edwards, Jeff. "Wilderness Rock Climbing in the Adirondack High Peaks." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Aug 2001).

Fairbanks, Jonathan. "A Night on Rogers Rock." Adirondack Life 21, no. 3 (May–Jun 1990), 26–28.

Fast, Yvona. "Geoffrey Smith: Rock climbing and ski pioneer." Adirondack Daily Enterprise (22 Apr 2010).

Figura, David. "Advice Given to Scale." Post Standard, 17 Mar 2008, C8.

Gaddy, Ethan. "Rock Climbers Now Focusing on Lake George." Lake George Mirror 13 (20 Jul 2007), 3.

Gerry, Daniel. "Those ADK's." Alpenhorn 2 (Feb 1965), 1–4.

Gilpin, Andy. "Try Indoor Rock Climbing." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Jan 2006).

Goldstone, Richard. "The Great Dihedral." Climbing, no. 123 (Dec 1990), 82–85.

Goodwin, James A. "And Gladly Guide." Privately Published Memoir.

Goodwin, James A. "Climbs in the Adirondacks." Appalachia 32 (1938–1939), 27–32.

Goodwin, James A. "Rock Climbing in the Adirondacks." In The Adirondack High Peaks and the Forty Sixers, ed. Grace Hudowalski, 134–43. Albany, NY: The Peters Print, 1970.

Goodwin, James A. "Rock Climbs in the Adirondacks." Bulletin of the Adirondack Mountain Club 2, no. 4 (Jun–Jul 1938), 8–9, 15.

Goodwin, James A. "Rock Climbs in the Adirondacks." Bulletin of the Adirondack Mountain Club 2, no. 5 (Aug–Sep 1938), 6–7.

Goodwin, James A. "Some Adirondack Rock Climbs." Adirondac 15 (Jan–Feb 1951), 12–13, 15.

Goodwin, James. "Keene Valley Chapter." Adirondac 12, no. 6 (Nov–Dec 1948), 20.

Goodwin, James. "Keene Valley Chapter." Adirondac 13, no. 5 (Sep–Oct 1949), 109.

Goodwin, James. "Keene Valley Chapter." Adirondac 2, no. 6 (Nov–Dec 1947), 22.

Goodwin, Jim. "Climbing the Adirondack Slides." Adirondac 30, no. 2 (Mar–Apr 1966), 30–33.

Haas, Jeremy. "Adirondack Rock Revival: Climbing Stewart's Ledge on Buck Mountain." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Jul 2006).

Harlin, John. "Introduction to High Peaks of New York." Adirondac (Jul–Aug 1991), 23–24.

Harlin, John. The Climber's Guide to North America, Volume III: East Coast Rock Climbs., Chockstone Press, 1986.

Harmes, Edward A. "Climb on Wallface." Cloud Splitter 5, no. 5 (May 1942), 2–3.

Harrison, Jay. Cabin Country Rock, A Rock Climber's Guide to Crane & Huckleberry Mountains. Typescript. 2006.

Healy, Trudy. "ADK'ers on the Rocks: The Story of the ADK Rock Climber's Guide." Adirondac 29 (Nov–Dec 1965), 86–89.

Healy, Trudy. Climber's Guide to the Adirondacks. Gabriels, New York: Adirondack Mountain Club, 1967.

Healy, Trudy. Climber's Guide to the Adirondacks. Glens Falls, New York: Adirondack Mountain Club, 1971.

Healy, Trudy. From the Black Forest to Tibet. New York: Vantage Press, 1993.

Hodgson, Geoff. "Barbie Goes Climbing: A Climber's Tale of Wallface." Alpine Club of Canada, Toronto Section Newsletter (Winter 2005), 7–9.

Hoek, Keith. "Wallface Mountain (NY), October 2000." Oct 2000. Keith & Leila, .

Hough, Dave. "Poko Moonshine, Climbing History, Main Face & Slab." Typescript. 1979.

Howarth, Beckett M. "Various Notes—Rock Climbing, New Routes in the Adirondacks." Appalachia 9, no. 12 (Dec 1938), 259–260.

Hudowalski, Edward C. "Chimney Mt." Cloudsplitter 4, no. 7 (Oct 1941), 2–3.

Jenkins, Jerry, and Andy Keal. The Adirondack Atlas, Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2004, p. 196–197.

Jones, Chris. Climbing in North America. Berkley, California: Unversity of California Press, 1976, p. 286–287.

Kemple, Tim, and Pete Ward. New England Bouldering., New Castle, CO: Wolverine Publishing, 2004, p. 142–151.

Kochte, Mark. "Indy & The Short Italian Tackle Tall Walls in the 'Daks." 1999. Indy's Home Page, .

Lawrence, Paul. "First Ascent of North Face of Gothic Mountain." Adirondac 21, no. 6 (Nov–Dec 1957), 115–116.

LeBeau, Donald J. "First Winter Ascent of Wallface." Adirondac 15, no. 6 (Nov–Dec 1951), 104–105.

Leswing, Rich. "Off the Wall." Adirondack Alpine Journal 4 (Sep 1984), 27.

Lewanick, Steve. "Rock Climbing: Eastern New York." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Sep 2000).

Lewis, Peter S., and Dave Horowitz. Selected Climbing in the Northeast. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers Books, 2003, p. 69–113.

Littleton, Jesse. "Silver Lake Classics." Climberism Magazine (Jul–Aug 2011). 15 Aug 2011 <http://www.climberism.com/>.

Loher, Colin. "Bringing Forth a Guidebook." LOCALadk (Fall 2014). 12 Sep 2014 <http://localadkmagazine.uberflip.com/i/377278>.

MacDonald, Dougald. "Forever Wild." Climbing 236 (Jan 2005), 60–67.

Masten, Arthur H. The Story of Adirondac. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1968, p. 77.

McCormick, Matt. "Adirondacks Lost and Found." Alpinist (23 Mar 2010). 15 May 2011 <http://www.alpinist.com/doc/_print/web10s/wfeature-adirondacks>.

MacKenzie, Kevin. "Linking Gothics' Great Faces: Climbing the East, South, and North Faces in a Day." Adirondack Peeks, Fall 2016, 6–9.

MacKenzie, Kevin. "New Highs: Backcountry Routes in Panther Gorge." Adirondack Life, 2016 Annual Guide to the Outdoors, 24–31.

MacKenzie, Kevin. "New Panther Gorge Rock Climbing Route: Wreck of the Lichen Fitzgerald." Adirondack Almanack (7 Sep 2014). 24 Oct 2014 <http://www.adirondackalmanack.com/2014/09/new-panther-gorge-rock-climbing-route-wreck-of-the-lichen-fitzgerald.html>.

MacKenzie, Kevin. "The Wild Side: Rock Climbing on Haystack and Flash Flood at Slant Rock." Adirondack Outdoors Magazine, Spring 2016, 25–27.

Mellor, Don. "A Climb Through Time." Adirondack Life 22, no. 5 (Jul–Aug 1991), 42–47.

Mellor, Don. "After the Fall." Adirondack Life 19, no. 1 (Jan–Feb 1988), 58–62.

Mellor, Don. "Climbing in the Adirondacks: A Supplement." Adirondac 57, no. 3 (May–Jun 1993), 25–28.

Mellor, Don. "Forgotten East: Rock Climbing in the Adirondacks." Climbing, no. 84 (Jun 1984), 26–31.

Mellor, Don. "Learning the Ropes." Adirondack Life, Annual Guide to the Adirondacks 24, no. 4 (1993), 53–57.

Mellor, Don. "Rock Climbing: Give It A Try." Adirondack Sports & Fitness (Jun 2001).

Mellor, Don. "Small Crags, Big Dreams." Adirondack Explorer (Mar–Apr 2013), 24–25, 57.

Mellor, Don. 1986 Supplement, Climbing in the Adirondacks. 1986.

Mellor, Don. Blue Lines, An Adirondack Ice Climber's Guide. Keene, NY: Adironcack Rock and River Guide Service, Inc., 2005.

Mellor, Don. Climbing in the Adirondacks. Lake Placid, New York: Sundog Ski and Sports, 1983.

Mellor, Don. Climbing in the Adirondacks., 2nd edition, Lake George, New York: Adirondack Mountain Club, 1988.

Mellor, Don. Climbing in the Adirondacks., 3rd edition, Glens Falls, New York: Adirondack Mountain Club, 1995.

Morris, Bill. "Climbing Moxham Dome." Adirondack Life 8, no. 4 (Jul–Aug 1977), 28–31.

Munn, Patrick. "Poke-O Moonshine New Routes." Typescript. 2003.

Nichols, Ken. "Base Camp: New York." Climbing, no. 90 (Jun 1985), 10–11.

Osius, Alison. "The Mother of All Bolt Wars." Climbing 126 (Jun–Jul 1991), 28–29.

Osteyee, Ian. "History of Adirondack Rock Climbing." Typescript. 1999.

Peterson, David. "Octogenarian on Aquarian." Climbing 188 (Sep 1999), 48.

Potter, Josh. "Adirondack Bouldering on the Rise.", Adirondack Sports and Fitness (Jun 2012), 13, 28.

Prichard, Nancy. "A Chop for a Bolt." Climbing 43 (May–Jun 1991), 58–64.

Prichard, Peter. "Adirondack Climb Ends in Death." The Times-Union, (15 Aug 1977), 1.

Rawdon, Mike. "A New Route . . . Step by Step." 7 Oct 2002. TradGirl, .

Rawdon, Mike. "It Ain't Over: Pushing the Envelope in the Name of Fun." 31 Aug, 2001. TradGirl, .

Rosecrans, Thomas. Adirondack Rock and Ice Climbs. Lake George, New York: Rosecrans Outing and Climbing Klub, 1976.

Sanford, Justin. "Climbing Guide to Otter Lake Cliff." Thomann Engineering (Aug 2010). 3 Mar 2011 <http://thomannengineering.web.officelive.com/Documents/Otter%20Lake%20Guide.pdf>.

Sanford, Justin. "Green Lake Cliff." Thomann Engineering (Aug 2010). 3 Mar 2011 <http://thomannengineering.web.officelive.com/Documents/Green%20Lake%20Cliff_Guide.pdf>.

Sanford, Justin. "Nine Corner Lake Bouldering." Dr. Topo. 3 Mar 2011 <http://www.drtopo.com/submitted/nine_corner.pdf>.

Sanford, Justin. "Pinnacle Pull-off Bouldering." Dr. Topo (2007). 3 Mar 2011 <http://www.drtopo.com/submitted/pinnacle.pdf>.

Savisito, Christopher. "Sliding Up Colden." Adirondack Peeks 33, no. 4, 16–17.

Schenck, Marc. "An Adirondack Misfortune." Adirondack Alpine Journal 5 (Jan 1985), 31–32.

Scott, Chic. Pushing the Limits Calgary, Alberts: Rocky Mountain Books (2000), p. 273–275.

Shumann, James. "Climb Spree: 3 Cliffs, 3 Guys, 65 Miles, 24 Hours)." Adirondack Life, Annual Guide to the Adirondacks 37, no. 4 (2006), 50–55.

Spadavecchia, Nicholas W. "Rock Climbing, August Camp, 1940." Appalachia 23 (1940–41), 244–245.

Stephanie, McConaughy. "Loving the North Slide on Dix." Adirondack Peeks 34, no. 2, 11–12, 29.

Synnott, Mark. "Biting Off More than you can Chew." Climbing 143 (Mar–May 1994), 176, 175.

Swisher, Karl. "Attack of the Daks." Rock and Ice 172 (Oct 2008), 54–58.

Thomann, Gary C, Bill Griffith & the Arietta Climbing Team. "Guide to McMartin Cliff." Singletrack Publishing (May 2012). 30 May 2012 <http://thomannengineering.com/software/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/McMartin-Guide.pdf>.

Tithonusm. "Washing a Shirt on the Gothic." High Spots 9, no. 1 (Jan 1932), 20–21.

Tucker, Richard E. "Crane Mountain." Typescript. Adirondack Research Library, Niskayuna, N.Y., Jun 20, 1999.

Tucker, Richard E. "Huckleberry Mountain" Typescript. Adirondack Research Library, Niskayuna, N.Y., Jul 18, 2002.

Tucker, Richard E. "Inman Slabs." Typescript. Adirondack Research Library, Niskayuna, N.Y., 1997.

Turner, J. M.. "Rock Climbing—Various Notes." Appalachia 33 (1960–61), 248–49.

Van Dyke, Paul A. "New Adventures at Pitchoff Mountain Cave." Adirondac 43, no. 6 (Dec 1979), 126–127.

Vermeulen, Jim. "An Adirondack Winter Sampler." Summit 34, no. 5 (Sep–Oct 1988), 10–13.

Vermeulen, Jim. "Climbers Tackle Remote Cliffs." The Post-Standard (10 Dec 1990), E3.

Vermeulen, Jim. "Neglected Pleasures." Adirondac 54, no. 3 (Apr 1990), 8–10.

Vermeulen, Jim. "New Book." Rev. of "Climbing in the Adirondacks, by Don Mellor. Summit (Jul–Aug 1983), 30.

Vermeulen, Jim. "Off The Beaten Cliffs." Adirondack Life 19, no. 4 (Aug 1988), 36–39.

Vermeulen, Jim. "The Adirondack Slide Climbs." Summit 33, no. 3 (May–Jun 1987), 29–29.

Vermeulen, Jim. "Wallface, The Adirondack's Loftiest Cliff." Summit 34, no. 1–2 (Jan–Apr 1988), 2–3.

Vermilyea, David. "Rock Climbers' Outings." Adirondac 32 (Nov–Dec 1968) 108–109.

Virtanen, Michael. "Alternative Rock." Adirondack Life, Annual Guide 2007 38, no 4 (Fall 2007), 62–65.

Virtanen, Michael. "Braving Wallface." The Post Star (26 Jul 2008), A1, A6.

Virtanen, Michael. "Hitting the Wall, and That's Just for Starters." New York Times (1 Apr 2007), sec. 8, p. 5.

Waterman, Laura, and Guy Waterman. "From Dresden to Wallface: Fritz Wiessner, Dean of American Climbing." Adirondac 52, no. 9 (Oct–Nov 1988), 11–14.

Waterman, Laura, and Guy Waterman. Yankee Rock and Ice. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1993.

Webster, Ed. "Wallface, A Wilderness Approach and Rapid Retreat." Climbing, (Sep–Oct 1974), 14–18.

Wechsler, Alan. "Climbing at Shelving Rock." Adirondack Almanack (20 Oct 2010). 3 Mar 2011 <http://www.adirondackalmanack.com/2010/10/alan-wechsler-climbing-at-shelving-rock.html>.

Wechsler, Alan. "Don Mellor Etches His Name in Rock." Adirondack Explorer 5, no. 8 (Nov–Dec 2003), 13, 45.

Wechsler, Alan. "Hey, you got a problem?" Adirondack Explorer (Sep–Oct 2005), 7, 51.

Wechsler, Alan. "Panther Gorge Rocks." Adirondack Explorer, (Sep–Oct 2016), 58-59, 61.

Wechsler, Alan. "Partners in Climb." Adirondack Explorer (Sep–Oct 2007), 30–31.

Wechsler, Alan. "Ski to Die." Adirondack Life 39, no. 1 (Jan–Feb 2008), 32–39.

Wechsler, Alan. "Swarms of Climbers Take Toll." The Times Union, (20 Aug 2002), A9.

Wechsler, Alan. "Wallface: A Formidable Climb in Indian Pass." Adirondack Almanack (22 Sep 2010). 30 May 2011 <http://www.adirondackalmanack.com/2010/09/wallface-a-formidable-climb-in-indian-pass.html>.

West, Alton C. "The Slide on Wright." High Spots (Jan 1940), 63–65.

Wiessner, F. H. "Wallface: Up the Cliff." High Spots (Jan 1939), 49–50.

Wiessner, Fritz H., and Henry S. Beers. "Rock Climbing: In the Adirondacks." Appalachia 20 (1934), 253.

Wiessner, Fritz. "Adirondack Rock Climbs: Chapel Pond Area." Adirondac 29 (Jul–Aug 1965), 56.

Wiessner, Fritz. "Rock Climbing in the Northeast." Intercollegiate Outing Club Association, IOCA Bulletin, (Winter 1948), 42–48, 72.

Wilson, Richard. "Unknown Adirondack Adventure." Climberism Magazine (12 Mar 2010). 3 Mar 2011 <http://www.climberism.com/adirondack-rock-climbing-an-unknown-adirondack-adventure/>.

Zebuhr, Julie. "Wallface: First True Adventure for a PSOC'er." Adirondack Peeks 4, no 2 (Fall 1967), 16–17.